Java Parallel Runtime Execs Waiting for Each Other?!

Several Oddjob users have reported that, when running several execs in parallel on Windows, they all appeared to wait for each other to complete. The issue was easy to reproduce using this Oddjob configuration:

<oddjob>
  <job>
    <parallel>
      <jobs>
        <exec redirectStderr="true"><![CDATA[TestJob.cmd 2]]></exec>
        <exec redirectStderr="true"><![CDATA[TestJob.cmd 10]]></exec>
      </jobs>
    </parallel>
  </job>
</oddjob>

Where TestJob.cmd is:

ping -n %1 127.0.0.1
echo Finished pinging for %1.
exit 0

The problem can be seen here:

Parallel Exec Jobs

From the console of the first Exec Job it has clearly finished but its icon is still showing as Executing.

Java’s native process support is notoriously flaky, especially on Windows, and was the prime suspect. However, first I had to eliminate Oddjob from the enquiry. Here is some simple Java code that reproduces the problem:

public class ExecMain {

	static class Exec implements Runnable {
		private final String waitSeconds;

		Exec(String waitSeconds) {
			this.waitSeconds = waitSeconds;
		}

		@Override
		public void run() {
			long startTime = System.currentTimeMillis();

			final ByteArrayOutputStream captureOutput = new ByteArrayOutputStream();

			ProcessBuilder processBuilder = 
					new ProcessBuilder("TestJob.cmd", waitSeconds);
			processBuilder.redirectErrorStream(true);

			try {
				final Process process = processBuilder.start();
				Thread t = new Thread(new Runnable() {
					@Override
					public void run() {				
						copy(process.getInputStream(), captureOutput);
					}
				});
				t.start();
				process.waitFor();
				System.out.println("Process for TestJob.cmd " + waitSeconds + 
						" finished in " + secondsFrom(startTime) + " seconds.");
				t.join();
				System.out.println("Output thread for TestJob.cmd " + waitSeconds + 
						" joined after " + secondsFrom(startTime) + " seconds.");
			}
			catch (InterruptedException | IOException e) {
				throw new RuntimeException(e);
			}
		}

		void copy(InputStream from, OutputStream to) {
			byte[] buf = new byte[0x0400];
			try {
				while (true) {
					int r = from.read(buf);
					if (r == -1) {
						break;
					}
					to.write(buf, 0, r);
				}
			}
			catch (IOException e) {
				throw new RuntimeException(e);
			}
		}

		int secondsFrom(long startMillis) {
			return Math.round((System.currentTimeMillis() - startMillis) / 1000);
		}		
	}

	public static void main(String... args) {

		new Thread(new Exec("2")).start();
		new Thread(new Exec("10")).start();
	}
}

And here’s the output:

Process for TestJob.cmd 2 finished in 1 seconds.
Output thread for TestJob.cmd 2 joined after 9 seconds.
Process for TestJob.cmd 10 finished in 9 seconds.
Output thread for TestJob.cmd 10 joined after 9 seconds.

We can see that the process ends as expected after a second, but joining on the stream copying thread doesn’t happen until the sibling process has finished. This can only be if the first processes output stream isn’t being closed. Is it waiting for its siblings process output stream to close too?

Hours of Googling prove fruitless. Then by happenstance, I run my sample against Java 8. It works as expected. Off to the Java bug database – nothing obvious. Oddjob is currently supported on Java 7 and above so I downloaded the latest Java 7u80 release just to see, and it works to. Here is the correct output:

Process for TestJob.cmd 2 finished in 1 seconds.
Output thread for TestJob.cmd 2 joined after 1 seconds.
Process for TestJob.cmd 10 finished in 9 seconds.
Output thread for TestJob.cmd 10 joined after 9 seconds

And now in Oddjob we can see the Exec Job completes when the process does:

Parallel Exec Fixed
So this is a story with a happy ending but a niggling loose end. What was the Java bug that caused this?

Oddjob 1.4 Released

Despite the eighteen month gap since Oddjob 1.3 there really isn’t a lot in this release. This is because I’ve been using Oddjob an awful lot, and using it mainly for automating testing. This has lead to some spin-off projects that are Oddjob plugins (Oddballs) and help Oddjob to test stuff. I won’t go into them here but I will be blogging more about them soon.

So what is in Oddjob 1.4?
Continue reading

Oddjob 1.3 Released

This release would best be described as a ‘Consolidation Release’. The biggest improvements are under the hood and result in an Oddjob that runs much better but in an almost indiscernible way. There are however a few new and noteworthy features. These include:
Continue reading

Feature Comparison of Java Job Schedulers – Plus One

Poor Oddjob, I thought as I read¬†Craig Flichel’s Feature Comparison of Java Job Schedulers featuring Obsidian, Quartz, Cron4j and Spring. Yet again it hasn’t made the grade, it’s been passed over for the scheduling team.

Never mind I say, you’re just a little bit different and misunderstood. Let’s have a kick about in the back yard and see what you can do…
Continue reading

Jobs And Services

Life is, and always has been, about executing a sequence of jobs – hunt mammoth, skin mammoth, cook mammoth, make clothes from mammoth. In the beginning an individual would have done all these jobs, but it didn’t take long for ancient societies to realise that it was more efficient for people to specialise in one type of job and to offer the product of that job as a service. Two hundred thousand years later we have McDonald’s and Gap. Whether this is progress is for you to decide – but it is undeniable that this model has allowed vastly complex systems of millions of components (us) to function and thrive.
Continue reading

Oddjob With Spring

Spring is great for creating flexible applications by assembling loosely coupled components using XML. Here’s a simple Spring configuration file:

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
  xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
  xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans

http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-2.5.xsd">

  <bean id="hello" class="example.HelloWorldBean" />

</beans>

Except that now you have to go back to your context assisted IDE and write some Java to launch it!
Continue reading